Native Eastern Subterranean
These termites are the most common in North America. They are 10 millimeters in length, with dark brownish-black bodies. Colonies are most often located in the ground. They can eat up to five grams of spring wood per day. Chemical treatments and baiting systems work best to eliminate termites.
Southeastern Drywood Termites
As the name implies, these termites are prevalent in the Southeastern region of the United States. They are 11 to 12 millimeters long, with pale yellowish brown to pale reddish brown bodies. Southeastern drywood termites fly to structures and infest exposed wood, such as door frames and siding, later infesting attics. Fumigation and direct wood treatment are the most effective methods of control.
This termite, originating in China, is best known for its large size, colony and ability to consume large amounts of wood. Formosan termites are 14 to 15 millimeters long and are pale to brownish yellow. Damage to wood is done in layers and soil is present. They often nest above ground as well as infesting homes, trees and landscape timbers. Chemical treatments and in-ground baiting systems, as well as direct wood treatments are typical control methods.