Cockroaches have been around for a whopping 400 million years. During that time, they have become perhaps the most popular of household pests. While roach infestations are a nasty nuisance, they also carry several disease pathogens that are linked to food-poisoning, staph, strep, E-coli and others. Roaches often occur in groups, and will eat anything that provides nutritional value. To prevent roaches from coming into your property, check incoming items for roaches and maintain a clean environment.
The American cockroach is also called a "waterbug" or "Palmettobug". These roaches are a reddish-brown color and are 1 1/2 inches or longer. They do have wings, but rarely fly. Their preferred diet is decaying organic matter or sweet foods. They tend to move inside when temperatures drop, entering through pipes, cracks, and crevices. They are generally found in the house near bathtubs or plumbing.
The German cockroach is the most common and the most difficult to control. They are light brown in color and 1/2 to 1-inch long. German roaches carry diseases which can cause health issues for humans. In an infested structure, these pests are typically found in the kitchen or other areas where moisture or food can be found. Sanitation along with regular pest management services are vital to control this pest.
The oriental cockroach is a very dark brown to black color and up to 1 ¼ inches long. These are commonly referred to as "waterbugs". These roaches prefer dark and moist areas for harborage.
The smoky brown cockroach gets its name from its uniformly shining brownish black to dark mahogany color. They are 1 to 1 ¼ inches long. These roaches require moisture so they are typically found near water sources, most commonly outside around flower beds or other areas of excess moisture.